Connectivity broadened empowerment for consumers and tariff model : all the prior functionalities are reflected on the end user care, recognized as the relationship on the customer point of view. This broadened view directly shows on the offering of connected services to the delivery of electricity e. It is intentional in the evolution of the Brazilian tariff model [ 18 ], several changes in the form of dividing the tariff components among the several users of the system.
Entropy - Wikipedia
These flags must be extended to all the low-consumption customers domestic and others , with signals in three time points: at the peak, intermediary, and out of the peak. Its implementation and viability are conditioned to the implementation of electronic meters substitution of current electro-mechanic by electronic ones that allow the registration and differentiation of consumption by hours in a day. According to the agency, this change must not involve other expenses to consumers. This discussion is also under regulation and must provide the conditions for the necessary evolution at the onset of structural changes for the intelligent grid.
- Expertise. Insights. Illumination..
- Freilachs No.41 - Score.
- Part Two: “The Force” is Awake – Global Consciousness, We Are!
- The Mystery of Indian Hill: Karma Boy and the Kid and The Secret of the Ages.
- Bernhard Karlgren: Portrait of A Scholar!
- Global Consciousness is Not Newtonian (…Unless It’s Alchemy).
- Love Takes Time?
According to Altvater [ 19 ], presented in [ 22 ]:. The environment is not a limiting factor as long as it doesn't require too much with regards to the absorptive capacity of the global ecosystems. But a capitalist, industrial society is expansive in time and space; it grows, and rapidly. It may even be that, with zero growth, the environmental burden becomes greater than with growth, because of the need to spare costs in the economic system.
Therefore, the problem lies not in the dimension of the economic growth rates, but in how this "metabolism" is regulated: the material exchange between nature, individuals and society. Therefore, in terms of energy efficiency and water demand management, these resources must be rationalized, but simply monitoring consumption is not enough.
A cultural change in a population's habits must also be achieved.
Public policies demand involvement and active citizenship by the consumers and require that the production-generation-delivery-consumption chain be monitored and audited. Organized market conditions are required from a consumption standpoint as are the amounts actually consumed and their financial counterpart amounts paid.
To achieve this goal, data as information and as knowledge must be organized, the amounts saved due in consumption habits must be indicated and a trend survey should be held not only for the consumer but also for the utilities. It is also essential to monitor the entire system. Monitoring information allows incidents such as leaks to be detected and provides a review of operation procedures and consumption incentives and awareness to achieve the desired efficiency.
Digitalization and the advancement of the current control and telecommunications systems, as well as the lower costs of these systems, have allowed new operational possibilities. The current demand is for water and electricity management tools that will also allow customers to monitor and control their consumption in specific points of their residence. Some kind of system must be provided, as a platform for analyzing and monitoring consumption, providing automation of remote residential metering and sub-metering internal to the residence.
In physical terms, the relationship environment receives the measurements collected from both commercial electronic electricity and water meters. Partial consumption measurements within households must be determined through water and electricity sub-meters or smart plugs installed at points of interest.
Communication resources must be coupled to these devices so that the individual measurements can be transmitted to the centralized processing center at pre-set timeframes. Additionally, this integration environment should be designed as a tool for Internet access and digital inclusion by supporting and valuing the communities' web knowledge and use. This feature naturally integrates into the global trends regarding service and universal access to information, access to knowledge, discretion over the use of services and serving the basic needs of the underprivileged populations.
However, there is a need for corporate and government policies to encourage cultural and educational changes related to conscious consuming. With this platform, the energy industry should contribute with solutions that expand the availability of information and provide conditions for conscious, participatory decision making regarding consumption and thus promoting changes in habits and culture. The researches look for governance and solutions for organizing and controlling information for customers within this new paradigm of knowing their actual consumption.
It resulted in a test lab and research on use, allowing the monitoring of the system, of the data collected and of the participant's level of involvement [ 22 ]. Another larger test was done by Inter-American Development Bank IDB support at one of the largest energy distributer company in Brazil as part of its smart grid field tests.
Part Two: “The Force” is Awake – Global Consciousness, We Are
Some results are presented below. Two test fields were established at the initial lab tests [ 22 ]. The first lab consisted of a low-income housing complex—a vertical environment with several residential consumer units. The second test field was represented by a commercial consumer horizontal environment , in an area of m 2 , at an entity that deals with the autistic people education.
They consume a lot of electricity and water and need to go through an energy efficiency and management better infrastructure. Management tools for efficient electricity and water were made available by treating the consumption measurements of each customer site. These measurements were collected through sensors and commercial electronic meters approved by the Brazilian metrological institute, composing an infrastructure designed for this purpose that integrates the electricity and water supply services, with the addition of telecommunications resources.
Another test field involving two hundred families from different social classes at the same geographical region in Brazil was organized to demonstrate a larger influence of efficiency improvement to those families, lighting the local habits and home appliances usage, as well as the recognition the real energy demand. Training, speeches, and monitoring actions were done to guarantee social compromising and conscious energy habits during the available pilot analysis. Meters and home plug appliances used: General meter: customers had installed meters that represent their monthly energy usage, with a timeframe of 1 information per minute;.
Home appliance meter or logger: synchronized by a local router, at least 4 loggers per customer site were provided, with a timeframe of 1 information per minute available per logger and home device, organizing a reference warehouse to consumer habits analysis. First, the research demonstrates that it is necessary a sustainability, performance, and robustness of the technological solution for measuring consumption and qualifying its efficiency, integrating the electricity, water supply, and telecommunications services.
It was necessary to integrate the consumer in this process, as a client and decision-maker, as agents in charge of their conduct that demonstrates the commitment to the planet and to their community. From the consumer's standpoint, the improvement presented may broaden their individual opportunities as citizens through digital inclusion also associated with a more extensive culture that indicates their consumption; for example, it allows discretion in the use of the utilities. The pilot environments become a live laboratory, with the synergy of the technological elements and the community.
Smart meters and systems provided consumption history, daily consumption reports, and forecast savings for the undergoing month arising from changes in consumption habits. It allowed monitoring and controlling daily consumption pattern, as well as the monetary value that may be saved, depending on consumption habits and comfort decided. Additionally, it provided useful information for a life and resources governance commitment. For the process governance, the impacts related to the sustainability of the energy demand were organized to represent some consumption indicators and features.
Some indicators are organized, according to [ 22 ], into some features as administrative functions to control user and customer management services and to control meta-data, events, and consumption ranges;. The functions listed below were defined to meet the consumers' needs: monthly consumption records;. The second customer field test was organized to evaluate the customer equipment usage habits as well as the energy demand.
A consumer habits survey started the process, looking for customer energy efficiency compromising and home appliances usage recognition. Five hundred customers were pre-selected, two hundred customers participated in the survey and had smart metering and appliances home plugs installed. For example, between and 10 PM, energy peak usage represents families' habits, watching TV, washing clothes, and take their shower at the same time using electric showers, a historical Brazilian way to locally heat shower water. At the survey, the families declared their habits and the home appliances specifications that helps the pre-evaluation done.
Others appliances were studied but electric shower, refrigerator, TV, and washing machine were more representative of the energy demand at the region under analysis. This kind of information from the smart metering, energy usage day by day, helped the distribution utility at its grid evaluation and energy provisioning, as well as thief prevention, quality of energy qualification and regional services offerings.
Smart metering as a tool could provide a business improvement, from grid maintenance to customer support organization.
- Login using.
- TAKE MY HAND (Wisdom Book 1).
- Coming Soon!!
- chapter and author info!
- Metal Clay Jewelry: Projects. Techniques. Inspirations..
Mobile apps were provided to a daily home energy performance, with tips of better energy usage and costs simulation. After the test period, the families were conscious of their energy usage, appliances obsolescence as well as lighting influence, social and environmental compromising. After that, they could decide about their comfort and costs associated with. This research improved the energy distributor relationship and the knowledge about the regional expectation with smart grid metering implementation and possibilities.
Basically, the analysis of the smart grit concept in Brazil is complex according to the effects of modernization and natural obsolescence on energy efficiency, the return on investments, communication and information safety, multiple suppliers, integration, and standardization. These considerations bring to light the commercial interests of meter vendors and concerns associated with demand increase and country energy planning.
In addition to metering issues, some other factors must be addressed to ensure effective grid operation as the integration of distributed generation, micro-generation, storage resources, and demand response infrastructure. The products that are used and will be used by customers, such as intelligent appliances and electric vehicles, are important components in this field of study, as well as generation of renewable energies derived from biomass, wind and solar sources. With smart grid technologies, mainly smart metering, with continuous and dynamic data reading, demand information can be organized and used to improve performance and reliability of the electric system.
For Brazil, these issues are also relevant, and there are presently, several ongoing experiments on distributed generation using technical approaches. Although, there has been great interest on smart grids and distributed generation, both within utilities and in academies, the extent directly related to consumer behavior is not explored nor their ability to modulate their demand, the answer to more efficient power use, reactions to fare variations, and even their interest in own generation investment opportunities. Brazilian providers and regulatory agencies currently support research and innovation on the regulation of responsibilities and the requirements of future energy offerings, the incentives in the execution of projects, the implementation of advanced metering solutions, the evaluation of electricity quality, and the remote control of equipment.
The near future requires equating how this technological development and the role of consumers may affect the existing network, centralized generation system as well as deciding about their energy usage profile. It is necessary to consider more explicitly the role and behavior of the producer-consumer, without losing sight of the main objective of the network and generation system, which is to warrant reliable access, at lower cost, of power services for all users. Sustainable development, within a context of social productivity and potential surplus to expand the frontiers of development, carries the contradictions and operational dynamics related to each social organization, and its ethics, culture, and history.
Progress leads to questions concerning the advancement of individual, political, and economic liberties and of social opportunities within the context of relationships and the appropriate use of the environment to maintain diversities [ 24 ]. In Brazil, the uneven income and consumption distribution, migration, and urbanization lead to issues regarding sustainable development and direct government actions involving the investment in the rational use and quality of energy and water for the population, mainly for low-income communities.
Given this context, education and tools should be used to show the individual efficiency in light of the collective well-being and the use of finite resources. Transparency and the participation of individuals and communities must also be included in the scope of audits and published [ 22 ].
Original Research ARTICLE
Operating in this realm, the organization presented allows the management of energy efficiency in a sustainable manner, encouraging active citizenship by the users through the rational use of resources. Metering and friendly information could transform customer relationship, improve energy value recognition and social-environmental compromising, seeking to live up to the new management trends for electricity services and providing, as well, a fruitful field of information for the utility companies.
This level of intelligence is possible when you take into account the sensory aspects and those related to information gathering by an advanced metering infrastructure AMI network, focusing on customers' services [ 25 ]. The progression of the networks, of the utility companies, of the consumers, of the regulation, and of energy use and generation use needs to be better articulated.
Incentives must be implemented to best practices and regulatory guidance, mainly for the regions or sub-regions with low-consumption customers and social commitment, seeking a cultural change, as well as control high default or electricity deviation. Actions to make this consumption more efficient, and the understanding of the specific regional needs, may guarantee the breaking of the historic cycle regulation-cost-default-cut-theft.
The creation of income conditions and the broadening of the feeling on electricity value, respecting commitments and rights, are very important to minimize the issues that are both social and cultural in nature. To sum up, a level of commitment to an energy efficient and sustainable model will depend on a number of rearrangements at the Brazilian energy industry and country governmental guidelines, such as the adequacy structure of generation and delivery, regulatory and standardization reinforcement, and also the understanding of customers' needs and socio-cultural efforts to motivate the conscious use of energy.
In consonance with the theme, the relationship with the regional client is presented as the basis for regulating service supply. Thus, new regulations involving the electrical and telecommunication industries must develop an anchor role and be used as guidelines for the developing of smart grid and reinforce smart metering characteristics in economic and industrial relationships guiding the development of this sector in the country. Licensee IntechOpen.
This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Help us write another book on this subject and reach those readers. Login to your personal dashboard for more detailed statistics on your publications. Edited by Moustafa Eissa. We are IntechOpen, the world's leading publisher of Open Access books. Built by scientists, for scientists.
Related Energetic Processes, Volume 2:Interaction Between Matter, Energy and Consciousness
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved